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        坦桑尼亚扣押马赛人牲畜

        来源:可可英语 编辑:Magi ?  可可英语APP下载 |  可可官方微信:ikekenet
          


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        An American rights group says Tanzania is seizing animals from herders because it wants to bring more foreign visitors to the northern part of the country.

        美国一个权利组织表示,坦桑尼亚之所以从牧民手中扣押牲畜,是因为其想吸引更多的外国游客到该国的北部地区。

        The Oakland Institute, a research group based in Oakland, California, recently reported on the issue.

        总部设在加利福尼亚州奥克兰的研究机构奥克兰研究所最近报告了这一问题。

        The group said Tanzanian officials are seizing the livestock of ethnic Maasai herders.

        该组织表示,坦桑尼亚官员正在扣押马赛族牧民的牲畜。

        The goal of the officials is to clear the area for increased tourism in the Ngorongoro Conservation Area.

        官员们的目标是清理恩戈罗恩戈罗自然保护区,以发展旅游业。

        The rights group says the government forcibly seized 5,880 cattle and 767 goats and sheep from the Maasai people in November and December.

        该权利组织表示,政府在11月和12月从马赛人手中强行没收了5880头牛和767只山羊和绵羊。

        Government officials are demanding that owners pay heavy fines.

        政府官员要求牧民支付高额罚款。

        People who cannot pay have their livestock taken and sold to other people.

        无力支付高额罚款的人会把他们的牲畜卖给其他人。

        Anuradha Mittal is the executive director of the Oakland Institute, one group following the issue.

        阿努拉达·米塔尔是关注这一问题的组织奥克兰研究所的执行董事。

        She told the Associated Press that: "Livestock is central to the Maasai culture and livelihoods."

        她告诉美联社:“牲畜是马赛文化和生计的核心。”

        She said: "Losing cattle is therefore catastrophic for them. With this new tactic the government's goal is clearly to drive them away from their ancestral lands."

        她说:“因此,失去牛对他们来说是灾难性的。通过这种新策略,政府的目的显然是要把他们从祖传的土地上赶走。”

        The government says the relocation will increase safari tourism and the hunting of lions, elephants and other big animals to pay for environmental and economic development.

        政府表示,重新安置将会推动狩猎旅游的发展,但会增加狮子、大象等大型动物的猎杀量,政府以此来支付环境和经济发展的费用。

        It says the displacement is "voluntary" and that the Maasai are semi-nomadic, meaning they are used to moving around a lot.

        报告称,这种迁徙是“自愿的”,马赛人是半游牧民族,意思是他们习惯于经常四处迁徙。

        Mittal said the government's statements are not true.

        米塔尔表示,政府的声明并不属实。

        She said officials continue to make tourism money more important than "everything else, including lives."

        她说,官员们继续认为旅游业获得的收入比“包括生命在内的其他一切”都重要。

        Rights groups have accused the government of denying the Maasai the use of health services, land, water and salt licks—places where animals eat minerals.

        权利组织指责政府剥夺了马赛人使用医疗服务、土地、水和盐舔地(动物吃矿物质的地方)的权利。

        They say this is being done to force out the Maasai.

        他们表示,这样做是为了驱逐马赛人。

        The Ngorongoro Conservation Area is recognized by the United Nations as a UNESCO World Heritage area.

        恩戈罗恩戈罗自然保护区被联合国教科文组织认定为世界遗产区。

        The Maasai villages occupy a small part known as the Loliondo commune.

        马赛族村庄占据了一小部分被称为洛里昂多公社的地方。

        In June of last year, rights groups accused the Tanzanian government of using violence against the Maasai people.

        去年6月,权利组织指责坦桑尼亚政府对马赛人使用暴力。

        There was international criticism of the relocation program but a court in the area ruled in favor of the government.

        国际社会对该重新安置计划提出了批评,但该地区的一家法院做出了有利于政府的裁决。

        The African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights is currently in Tanzania seeking information on the human rights situation.

        非洲人权和人民权利委员会目前正在坦桑尼亚寻求有关人权状况的信息。

        Salangat Marko is a herder in the Loliondo area.

        Salangat Marko是洛里昂多地区的一名牧民。

        He said he is worried about the future of his family.

        他说,他对全家的未来感到担忧。

        He said: "I have cows with no grass or water. Herders intimidated and beaten...where do we go and what do we feed our children?"

        他说:“我养的牛没有草吃,也没有水喝。牧民们被恐吓和殴打……我们去哪里,我们给孩子喂什么?”

        I'm Mario Ritter Jr.

        小马里奥·里特为您播报。

        译文为可可英语翻译,未经授权请勿转载!

        重点单词   查看全部解释    
        catastrophic [.kætə'strɔfik]

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        adj. 悲惨的,灾难的

         
        demanding [di'mændiŋ]

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        adj. 要求多的,吃力的

         
        voluntary ['vɔləntəri]

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        adj. 自愿的,志愿的
        n. (教堂礼拜仪式

        联想记忆
        issue ['iʃju:]

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        n. 发行物,期刊号,争论点
        vi. & vt

         
        commission [kə'miʃən]

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        n. 委员会,委托,委任,佣金,犯罪
        vt.

        联想记忆
        institute ['institju:t]

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        n. 学会,学院,协会
        vt. 创立,开始,制

        联想记忆
        cattle ['kætl]

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        n. 牛,家畜,畜牲

         
        executive [ig'zekjutiv]

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        adj. 行政的,决策的,经营的,[计算机]执行指令

         
        occupy ['ɔkjupai]

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        vt. 占领,占用,占据,使忙碌,使从事

        联想记忆
        tactic ['tæktik]

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        n. 战略,策略 adj. 战术的,有策略的

         
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